Saturday, November 19, 2011

Modern Mansard - The Neo-Mansard Roof

Throughout the mid-century, the Mansard roof was popular in Ottawa housing design. 

First popularised in France during the 17th century, and then revived in the 19th century, the roof style re-appeared in Ottawa during the 1960s. At first the roof was used on historically-inspired houses, but was eventually altered in a variety of ways to have a more modern take on tradition.

Campeau was the builder who used the roof the most in the mid-century, but other builders also followed suit.
A traditional use of the Mansard roof. Playfair Park North/South, Russell Heights, c. 1965.
This plan had a traditional Mansard option as well as 2 Dutch Colonial options with a Gambrel roof. Beacon Hill and South Keys, c. 1967.

Here is a great example of a modern take on the Mansard roof. Instead of protruding dormer windows with arched tops, these houses have an inset window and an asymmetrical facade. From the side, the roof actually has more of a Gambrel-style silhouette.
These unique courtyard houses were built in South Keys,  Beacon Hill (Loyola Court), Sawmill Creek (Wedgewood), and Beaverbrook (Salter Square) during the mid 1970s.

A wonderfully modern take on the Mansard roof. Sadly the asphalt shingled roof above takes away from the rather appealing cedar shingled section. I suspect the top part was added as the roof may have been flat when built. Ridgewood complex by Campeau, near Mooney's Bay. c. 1970s.
This was a sort-lived plan that was not built in great numbers. c. 1968

The most common Campeau house to have the Mansard roof was their Bonnechere design. Over the years, there were various versions of the Bonnechere, as shown in the plans below. Beacon Hill and South Keys, c. 1967

This version of the Bonnechere has a Mansard option and a Gambrel roof option. Notice the very large unfinished attic space. Early 1970s.

In Hunt Club, the Bonnechere plan was called the Monterey, but is based on the same plan. In this version the usual unfinished attic space is now a very large Master Bedroom. Late 1970s.

The builder Macval, which later joined Campeau, used a modern take on Mansard roofs in some of their houses built in Craig Henry. c. 1976.

 Likewise, Teron used a modern interpretation of the Mansard roof on some houses Beaverbrook (Kanata), during the late 1960s and early 1970s.
As a Canadian spin on the Mansard roof, it was often clad in cedar shingles. Teron houses in Beaverbrook, c. 1967.

One of the options on many Teron designs in Beaverbrook was for a modern interpretation of the Mansard roof. Mid 1960s.

Costain Homes offered Mansard roof options on many of their houses in Convent Glen. C. 1977.

This is one of the most unique takes on the Mansard roof I have seen...and I love it! The angled projections around the windows are a great modern twist. Blackburn Hamlet, early 1970s.

This design has a similar framing around the windows, only without the angled projection. Cadillac Fairview, Barrhaven, 1975.

This roof is a hybrid of a Neo-Mansard and Grambrel roof with inset windows. A number of Minto designs have this hybrid roofline from the late 1960s and early 1970s.

Having the roofline roll down the front of a house can help to make a 3-storey house look less tall. Beacon Hill North, early 1970s.

Minto-built Canadian Housing Design Council award home in Qualicum.

These condo townhouses have a very modern take on the Mansard roof with a cedar shingle roof that extends down the upper two stories. McKellar Park, Late 1970s.

By the end of the 1970s, the Neo-Mansard roof became less common on newly-built houses in Ottawa. Here is a late example from 1980. Tartan Homes, Hunt Club.

While based on tradition, the use of the Mansard roof in mid-century Ottawa often had a modern twist. Creativity abounded with the varied way that roof line was interpreted by designers across the city.

Thursday, November 3, 2011

Community Spotlight - Hawthorne Meadows

Located in the Triangle where St.Laurent Boulevard forks off at Russell Road, is an area called Hawthorne Meadows. There are 3 general areas within the community, all of which were built in the mid-century.

The southern part was originally developed by Minto in the early 1960s and is characterized by smaller bungalows. The north end was built in the mid-to-late 1960s and has larger houses built by Minto and Campeau. The area along the western edge has custom-built houses of varying sizes and styles.

Below is the brochure and plans from the first phase of Hawthorne Meadows:

Although this image shows a side-split house on the right side, it does not seem that any of that model were actually built in the subdivision.

Notice that the plan above is an early version of the Alpine - which was a Canadian Housing Design Council award-winning plan (see Alpine plan below).

As seen in the plans above, most of the houses in this phase were designed with the narrow end facing the road. As such, the streets are characterized by a series of peaked roofs.

The houses were built without garages, but some had the option of a carport.

There are a few parts of this phase that have houses with the wide end facing the road, as seen in the right house above. Notice the long driveways.

Only 3 of this particular model were built scattered throughout the first phase. This is the only Minto model in this part of the area with a garage.

Semi-detached houses are also sprinkled throughout this first phase. I like the roof line and large windows on these houses.

 The north part of the neighbourhood has larger houses, and many have a more traditional facade than the earlier phase. These are houses built by Campeau. While still considered Hawthorne Meadows, Campeau called the area Russell Heights - perhaps to differentiate it from the Minto development.

Minto houses: many are two-storey foursquare and centre-hall type houses with a traditionally-inspired facade.

 Modern beside a more-traditional house - built by Campeau.

A modern design by Minto in the second phase.

The western edge of the area has custom-built houses, where very few are alike. Mixed in, I discovered this flat-roofed modern beauty. Too bad you cannot see much of it from the street.

Other modern custom-built houses in the western part of the area.

By Request, here are two versions of the floor plan for the Carlyle by Campeau, also found in Hawthorne Meadows:


In response to a reader's question about the plan for a Minto-built house in Hawthorne Meadows, below is one of the plans that the house might be. Minto also built a similar design without the family room behind the garage, but unfortunately, I do not have a copy of that plan.